The Railroad That Never Was: The Decatur & State Line Railway

I'm a fan of the open road, and as such, I once found myself out for a drive in the middle of nowhere, crossing the Kankakee River, when I noticed a few bridge piers jettisoning out of the water about 1000 feet west of the bridge I was crossing. They looked like railroad bridge piers.

A shot of one of the piers taken from a nearby boat launch. Warner Bridge Rd is in the background, where I originally saw these.
This was early in my search for abandoned railroad corridors, and I thought I had discovered a new right of way, this time in the field as opposed to on the computer, looking at Google Maps! 

Three Happy Little Mysteries (Google Maps)

After coming home, I found the bridge piers, but could not find where they went, either north or south of the Kankakee River beyond a few hundred feet. Topo maps had no information either. The Wikipedia Page for Kankakee River State Park had but one cryptic clue, "At the Chippewa Campground, hand-cut limestone pillars mark where a railway bridge was to have been built for the railroad before financiers ran out of money."

Decatur and State Line Railway Stock Certificate. Image: University of Illinois Library

So I had found a railroad line that never existed but nonetheless, has physical infrastructure. This proved problematic on my abandoned railroad map for some time, until I created a layer specifically for unbuilt rights-of-way, as how can you abandon something that never actually existed?

It took me awhile before the combined efforts of Bill Burmaster, Bill Dittus, Russ Nelson, and others would unearth a name for the railroad, the Decatur & State Line Railway.

This scar appears to be the northern end of where the D&SL Railway would have run just south of Frankfort.


If that name sounds familiar to you, it's because I've discussed it before. But I decided to go back to the Kankakee River State Park and take some more pictures of these pillars. 

The line was chartered in 1869, when construction over the Kankakee River, including the bridge piers, began, but the project quickly lost its financial backing partly because of the Great Chicago Fire. The need of the fledgling railroad industry to connect major Midwestern cities, particularly Chicago and St. Louis, and this is how Decatur would come into the conversation, as that city was nearly centered on the air-line route between the two.

Grading must have been relatively extensive, because there are several traces that were visible on satellite imagery in 1939.

Just north and just south of Frankfort, there are scars of grading that were visible. Image: Will County Historical Aerial Photography


The project was seen as a continuation of another railroad under construction at the time, namely the Decatur & East St. Louis Railroad, which was being built by the Toledo Wabash and Western Railway, or more simply the Wabash Railroad, at the time. This association was noted in The History of Decatur, Illinois.

"Because this road forms a continuation of the Decatur and East St. Louis road in an almost perfectly air-line route between St. Louis and Chicago, passing through Decatur, near the middle, and will be shorter by twenty-seven miles, than any other route between those cities. Twenty-five miles of the road are under contract, and there is every reason to believe the whole road will soon be under contract, and finished during the year 1872; so that in twelve months .trains will run through from St. Louis, on the Mississippi, to Chicago, on Lake Michigan, without delay or change."

Of course, the East St. Louis-Decatur segment was built, but not the line between Decatur and Chicago. Or at least, not that particular line.

Where the Decatur & State Line would cross the also unbuilt Plymouth Kankakee & Pacific.

Farthest north pier, the 4th pier, invisible from satellite imagery as it isn't over the river.

Had the D&StL been constructed, the route would've run through Bellflower, Farmer City, Saybrook, Chatsworth, Wilton Center, and Frankfort, among other towns, before connecting with the Chicago Rock Island & Pacific.

The Proposed Right of Way through Frankfort Twp., Will County, IL on the 1873 Plat Map.

What actually wound up happening is that the Wabash chose another route to connect Decatur to Chicago, one that ran about seven miles west of the D&StL right of way.

Looking south from the riverbank.

I find it amazing that these pillars are still here, essentially untouched, 150 years after their construction, serving seemingly no purpose.

Beyond the brush, you can kind of see the right-of-way over the river in this picture. Sorry it isn't more clear!
The same source in The History of Decatur, Illinois notes that there was a second line that was being built, northeasterly from Decatur, namely the Decatur Monticello and Champaign Railroad.

"[The DM&C] was incorporated a few years ago, and part of the grading done ; but work ceased for want of means. Arrangements are now being made by some gentlemen to finish the road in a short time, and thus give Decatur another route to Chicago by way of Champaign, there connecting with the branch of the Illinois Central."

The wording of this route is a little more complicated than necessary, in my opinion, since the road built would connect Decatur to Bement, IL, where trains could connect north along the Wabash to Monticello. From Monticello, one could follow the Illinois Central to Champaign, or continue north all the way into Chicago. 

The Strawn-Manhattan segment of this line has since been abandoned.

From atop the northernmost pier, looking north along what would have been the ROW, there is nothing to suggest a railroad may have once ran here under different circumstances.


It makes sense that the Wabash didn't feel that it needed two completely different branches to serve Decatur-Chicago, even if through service to St. Louis was the ultimate goal. My guess is that they planned for each railroad in case the other one failed, and thus the bridge piers constructed for the Decatur & State Line were of relatively little consequence since only a bit of other grading was done.

Amazingly though, you can hear train horns, likely from a line about 8 miles south.

The 1870's was a tumultuous time for the railroad industry, as it was the 2nd largest employer in the United States, behind only the agricultural industry. The rapid build up of the railroad network of the past few decades continued, and in fact became much more speculative, as wannabe railroad tycoons proposed routes and sold stocks in many railroad proposals that simply couldn't become viable assets. This was a large cause of the global Panic of 1873.

The northernmost pier is about 15 feet higher than the rest of the nearby ground.
I didn't want to take any pictures from Warner Bridge Rd, as it was quite busy with both cars and trucks, thus I made my way to a boat launch to try and get some wide angle shots. It was my first time using such a lens, and it shows a bit in my photos.

It was difficult to get all the piers into one shot, especially facing the sun. This was the best I could do.

Depending on your perspective, these are either the most interesting or most boring abandoned railroad lines; those which never ran at all. In my mind, the stories of their demise before ever getting a chance to function as a route is quite interesting. But at the same time, at the end of the day, they're nothing more or less than ghost bridge pillars.

As always, I hope you enjoyed today's blog, and thanks for reading!

Comments

  1. Fascinating reading and great sleuthing to boot...Very enjoyable

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for your comment. I'm hoping to have more in the future!

      Delete
  2. I was just at that site an hour or so ago and was rather
    mystified by it. There was no road bed running up to the
    first piling squarely on land in the state park. You’d think the state
    would place some kind of informational sign to explain.
    Then again - it’s Illinois.


    The river must run fairly shallow over that stretch.
    Anyhow-
    Great research on your part! Thank You -

    ReplyDelete

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